In 2009 in Turkey, following a regional Turkish court ruling (Denizli Criminal Court of First Instance), all websites hosted on Google Sites were blocked in Turkey. This was following a reaction after a Google Sites page included an alleged insult of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the founder of Turkey. Subsequently, in 2012 the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled this blocking of Google Sites a breach of Article 10 of the European Convention on Human Rights (Yildirim v Turkey – 3111/10 – HEJUD  ECHR 2074). This ban was overturned and lifted in 2014.
In April 2017, the Turkish government blocked all language editions of Wikipedia in Turkey. The move denied more than 80 million people in the country access to free knowledge and prevented them from sharing their history, culture, and experiences with the world. After exhausting domestic efforts to restore access, the Wikimedia Foundation turned to the European Court of Human Rights in April 2019. The Foundation contended that the blanket ban of Wikipedia violated fundamental freedoms, including the right to freedom of expression, as guaranteed by Article 10 of the European Convention. The case was granted priority by the Court.
In January 2020, access to Wikipedia was restored in Turkey, following a ruling by the Constitutional Court of Turkey acknowledging in substance that the block of Wikipedia violated both the Turkish Constitution and the European Convention on Human Rights. The European Court of Human Rights was asked to evaluate the Turkish law that was used as a basis to block access to Wikipedia and examine whether that law violated free expression.
- 1 Crown Office Row (16 January 2013); Turkish block on Google site breached Article 10 rights, rules Strasbourg; UKHumanRightsBlog.com; UK Human Rights Blog, Temple, London, EC4Y 7HH, United Kingdom; retrieved 12 July 2021.
- European Court of Human Rights – AFFAIRE AHMET YILDIRIM c. TURQUIE (fr); www.BAILII.org; British and Irish Legal Information Institute (BAILII); 18 December 2012; retrieved 12 July 2021.
- Google Transparency Report – Traffic and disruptions to Google – Turkey, Google Sites; www.Google.com; retrieved 12 July 2021.
- Katherine Maher (30 April 2017); Wikimedia Foundation urges Turkish authorities to restore access to Wikipedia; Diff.Wikimedia.org (archived from Blog.Wikimedia.org); retrieved 16 April 2022.
- Wikimedia Foundation (23 May 2019); Wikimedia Foundation petitions the European Court of Human Rights to lift the block of Wikipedia in Turkey; WikimediaFoundation.org; retrieved 16 April 2022.
- Wikimedia Foundation (22 July 2019); European Court of Human Rights has decided to expedite case on online censorship brought against the government of Turkey for blocking Wikipedia; WikimediaFoundation.org; retrieved 16 April 2022.
- Wikimedia Foundation (15 January 2020); Access to Wikipedia restored in Turkey after more than two and a half years; WikimediaFoundation.org; retrieved 16 April 2022.
- Wikimedia Foundation (26 December 2019); Turkish Constitutional Court rules that the two and a half year block of Wikipedia is unconstitutional; WikimediaFoundation.org; retrieved 16 April 2022.
- Turkish court ruling, case number 2017-22355, judgement 26/12/2019 (in Turkish); Anayasa.gov.tr; retrieved 16 April 2022.
This category has the following 10 subcategories, out of 10 total.
Pages in category “Turkey”
This category contains only the following page.